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USA Enterprises Inc.


California, the second largest producer of rice in the United States, mainly raised medium-grain rice. The state's total rice crop is valued at $770.7 million and accounted for 26 percent of U.S. production.
U.S. rice production accounts for less than two percent of the world total; however, the United States is an important exporter due to the relatively small percentage of rice traded globally. In recent years, about half of U.S. production has been exported. In the United States, rice production is predominant in three areas of the country—the Mississippi Delta region, the Gulf Coast and the Sacramento Valley region of California. Of these regions, the Mississippi Delta is the largest in terms of total acreage; however, the Sacramento Valley historically has produced the highest yields.

Multiple varieties of rice exist including short-grain, medium-grain and long-grain varieties. The majority, or 72 percent, of U.S. production is long grain. Medium-grain varieties account for 26 percent of U.S. production, while short-grain varieties account for nearly 2 percent of U.S. production.
USA Enterprises Inc.
USA Enterprises Inc.


The value of U.S. rice exports in 2012 totaled $2.1 billion, a slight decrease from 2011. The top destination for U.S. rice in 2012 remained Mexico, followed by Japan, Haiti and Canada. Mexico purchased $366.9 million worth of U.S. rice, a 3 percent rise from 2011. Japan remained the second largest buyer of U.S. rice.
Imports: As it has been for years, Thailand was the leading source of imported rice, which was valued at $436.4 million. India ranked second, providing rice valued at $140.1 million. Vietnam was the third largest source of rice, providing rice valued at $27.2 million, a triple digit increase from the previous year.

As the United States continues to use its market power in terms of price support to rice producers and as the price difference between global and U.S. prices widens, U.S. competitiveness in world markets is expected to decrease.
Recently the popularity of organic rice has increased in many regions around the world.
USA Enterprises Inc.